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Wilmington--Newark, DE--MD: Summary Profile

POPULATION DEMOGRAPHICS AND DIVERSITY: Total Population
2000 1990 1980
Metro Area 586,216 513,293 458,545

Definition The total population of the metro area.

Source "Racial and Ethnic Residential Segregation in the United States: 1980-2000," U.S. Census Bureau, Series CENSR-3.

POPULATION DEMOGRAPHICS AND DIVERSITY: Total Population by Race/Ethnicity
2000 1990 1980
Non-Hispanic White 433,306 417,365 383,883
Hispanic 27,599 12,439 7,512
Non-Hispanic Black 106,463 75,088 62,660
Asian/Pacific Islander 15,788 7,358 3,073

Definition The total population of the metro area.

Notes Non-Hispanic black and Asian/Pacific Islander groups include people who identified themselves as those races "alone" or those races "in combination with other races."

Source "Racial and Ethnic Residential Segregation in the United States: 1980-2000," U.S. Census Bureau, Series CENSR-3, and 2000 Census, Summary File 1.

POPULATION DEMOGRAPHICS AND DIVERSITY: Percent Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity
1990-2000 1980-1990
Hispanic 121.9% 65.6%
Non-Hispanic Black 41.8% 19.8%
Asian/Pacific Islander 114.6% 139.4%
Non-Hispanic White 3.8% 8.7%

Definition The percent change in the population.

Notes In 2000, non-Hispanic black and Asian/Pacific Islander groups include people who identified themselves as those races "alone" or those races "in combination with other races."

Source "Racial and Ethnic Residential Segregation in the United States: 1980-2000," U.S. Census Bureau, Series CENSR-3.

POPULATION DEMOGRAPHICS AND DIVERSITY: Population Composition by Race/Ethnicity
2000 1990 1980
Non-Hispanic White 73.9% 81.3% 83.7%
Hispanic 4.7% 2.4% 1.6%
Non-Hispanic Black 18.2% 14.6% 13.7%
Asian/Pacific Islander 2.7% 1.4% 0.7%

Definition Each racial/ethnic group's share of the total U.S. population.

Notes In 2000, non-Hispanic black and Asian/Pacific Islander groups include people who identified themselves as those races "alone" or those races "in combination with other races."

Source "Racial and Ethnic Residential Segregation in the United States: 1980-2000," U.S. Census Bureau, Series CENSR-3, and 2000 Census, Summary File 1.

POPULATION DEMOGRAPHICS AND DIVERSITY: Share of Population Under 18 by Race/Ethnicity
Metro Area
Hispanic 35.2%
Non-Hispanic White 24.0%
Non-Hispanic Black 32.5%
Non-Hispanic Asian 25.0%

Definition The Share of the Population that is Under Age 18

Source U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 2.

POPULATION DEMOGRAPHICS AND DIVERSITY: Share of Population Age 65 or Older by Race/Ethnicity
Metro Area
Hispanic 3.0%
Non-Hispanic White 12.9%
Non-Hispanic Black 6.8%
Non-Hispanic Asian 4.8%

Definition The Share of the Population that is Age 65 or Older

Source U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 2.

POPULATION DEMOGRAPHICS AND DIVERSITY: Household Composition by Race/Ethnicity and Family Type
One person household Married couple with own children Married couple with no own children Single parent with own children
Hispanic 13.6% 33.4% 16.0% 18.9%
Non-Hispanic White 25.4% 24.0% 30.8% 6.8%
Non-Hispanic Black 25.6% 16.3% 15.9% 22.7%
Non-Hispanic Asian 18.9% 37.0% 28.1% 4.3%

Definition The share of households with household head of the specified race that are made up of households with the specified composition.

Notes "Children" defined as those under age 18.

Source U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 2.

POPULATION DEMOGRAPHICS AND DIVERSITY: Proportion of the population that is foreign born: 2000 by Race/Ethnicity
Metro Area
Asian 75.7%
Black 3.7%
Hispanic 32.2%
Non-Hispanic White 2.3%
White 3.2%

Definition Proportion of the population that is foreign born

Source U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 3.

POPULATION DEMOGRAPHICS AND DIVERSITY: Non-English Language Spoken at Home by Race/Ethnicity
Metro Area
Hispanic 77.2%
Non-Hispanic White 4.4%
Non-Hispanic Black 4.4%
Non-Hispanic Asian 80.8%

Definition The share of the population age 5+ that speaks a language other than English at home.

Source U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 4.

RESIDENTIAL INTEGRATION AND NEIGHBORHOOD CHARACTERISTICS: Segregation of the Population: Dissimilarity with Non-Hispanic Whites by Race/Ethnicity
Metro Area
Hispanic 44.7%
Non-Hispanic Black 52.6%
Asian/Pacific Islander 31.6%

Definition Dissimilarity is the evenness with which one racial population group is located (or segregated) within a metro area, with respect to another racial group. The dissimilarity statistic is interpreted as the proportion of one racial group that would need to relocate to another neighborhood (census tract) for that racial group to be distributed across the metro area like a second (reference) racial group. A value of "0%" reflects absolute integration; a value of "100%" reflects absolute segregation.

Notes Non-Hispanic black and Asian/Pacific Islander groups include people who identified themselves as those races "alone" or those races "in combination with other races."

Source "Racial and Ethnic Residential Segregation in the United States: 1980-2000," U.S. Census Bureau, Series CENSR-3, and 2000 Census, Summary File 1.

RESIDENTIAL INTEGRATION AND NEIGHBORHOOD CHARACTERISTICS: Exposure to Neighborhood Poverty by Race/Ethnicity
Metro Area
Hispanic 13.3%
Non-Hispanic White 7.0%
Non-Hispanic Black 14.7%
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander 6.5%

Definition This indicator provides the poverty rate for the average neighborhood in which each racial group lives. For instance, if the value is 10% for blacks, this statistic is interpreted as "The average black person in this metro area lives in a neighborhood where 10% of the population is in poverty."

Notes Poverty rates defined as of 1999. Excludes metro areas with less than 5,000 population of the specified racial/ethnic group.

Source U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 3 accessed through the Neighborhood Change Database. U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 1.

RESIDENTIAL INTEGRATION AND NEIGHBORHOOD CHARACTERISTICS: Exposure to Neighborhood Homeownership Rate by Race/Ethnicity
Metro Area
Hispanic 64.0%
Non-Hispanic White 74.4%
Non-Hispanic Black 60.5%
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander 71.2%

Definition This indicator provides the homeownership rate in the average neighborhood in which each racial group lives. For instance, if the value is 60% for blacks, this statistic is interpreted as "The average black person in this metro area lives in a neighborhood where the homeownership rate is 60%."

Notes Excludes metro areas with less than 5,000 population of the specified racial/ethnic group.

Source U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 3 accessed through the Neighborhood Change Database. U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 1.

RESIDENTIAL INTEGRATION AND NEIGHBORHOOD CHARACTERISTICS: Childrens' Exposure to Neighborhood Homeownership Rate by Race/Ethnicity
Metro Area
Hispanic 64.3%
Non-Hispanic White 77.1%
Non-Hispanic Black 59.3%

Definition This indicator provides the homeownership rate in the neighborhood where the average child of different racial/ethnic groups lives. For instance, if the value is 60% for Hispanic children, this statistic is interpreted as "The average Hispanic child in this metro area lives in a neighborhood where the homeownership rate is 60%."

Notes Children are those under 18. Excludes metro areas with less than 5,000 children of the specified racial/ethnic group.

Source U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 3 accessed through the Neighborhood Change Database. U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 1.

RESIDENTIAL INTEGRATION AND NEIGHBORHOOD CHARACTERISTICS: Childrens' Exposure to Neighborhood Poverty by Race/Ethnicity
Metro Area
Hispanic 13.1%
Non-Hispanic White 5.7%
Non-Hispanic Black 15.3%

Definition This indicator provides the poverty rate in the neighborhood where the average child of different racial/ethnic groups lives. For instance, if the value is 10% for Hispanic children, this statistic is interpreted as "The average Hispanic child in this metro area lives in a neighborhood where the poverty rate is 10%."

Notes Poverty rates defined as of 1999. Children are defined as under 18. Excludes metro areas with less than 5,000 child population of the specified racial/ethnic group.

Source U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 3 accessed through the Neighborhood Change Database. U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 1.

CRIME: Murder Rate
2004
Metro Area 4.1

Definition Number of Murders Per 100,000 People

Notes In New England, geography refers to the NECMA (New England County Metropolitan Area) which differs from the MSA or PMSA geography used in other indicators.

Source FBI Uniform Crime Reporting Program as reported in HUD''s State of the Cities Data Systems

HEALTH: Births to teenage mothers by Race/Ethnicity
Metro Area
Non-Hispanic White 6.7%
Non-Hispanic Black 18.8%
Non-Hispanic Asian 0.8%
Hispanic 17.6%

Definition The share of all births that are to teenage mothers.

Notes Excludes metro areas with less than 100 births to mothers in the specified subgroup over the 2001-2002 time period. Excludes plural births and births which occurred abroad, in Puerto Rico, or in U.S. Territories. Metro area refers to the location of residence of the mother at the time of the birth. In New England, geography refers to the NECMA (New England County Metropolitan Area) which differs from the MSA or PMSA geography used in other indicators.

Source National Center for Health Statistics' Vital Statistics Natality Birth Data

HEALTH: Preterm births by Race/Ethnicity
Metro Area
Non-Hispanic White 9.5%
Non-Hispanic Black 16.3%
Non-Hispanic Asian 9.1%
Hispanic 10.6%

Definition The share of births that were preterm.

Notes "Preterm" defined as having a gestational age less than 37 weeks. Excludes metro areas with less than 100 births to mothers in the specified subgroup over the 2001-2002 time period. Excludes plural births and births which occurred abroad, in Puerto Rico, or in U.S. Territories. Metro area refers to the location of residence of the mother at the time of the birth. In New England, geography refers to the NECMA (New England County Metropolitan Area) which differs from the MSA or PMSA geography used in other indicators.

Source National Center for Health Statistics' Vital Statistics Natality Birth Data

HEALTH: Low birth weight births by Race/Ethnicity
Metro Area
Non-Hispanic White 5.6%
Non-Hispanic Black 13.3%
Non-Hispanic Asian 8.6%
Hispanic 6.6%

Definition The share of births that are or low birth weight.

Notes "Low birth weight" defined as weighing less than 2.5kg. Excludes metro areas with less than 100 births to mothers in the specified subgroup over the 2001-2002 time period. Excludes plural births and births which occurred abroad, in Puerto Rico, or in U.S. Territories. Metro area refers to the location of residence of the mother at the time of the birth. In New England, geography refers to the NECMA (New England County Metropolitan Area) which differs from the MSA or PMSA geography used in other indicators.

Source National Center for Health Statistics' Vital Statistics Natality Birth Data

HOUSING OPPORTUNITIES: Home ownership rate: 2000 by Race/Ethnicity
Metro Area
Hispanic 42.7%
Non-Hispanic White 77.6%
Non-Hispanic Black 48.4%
Non-Hispanic Asian 51.2%

Definition The share of occupied housing units that are owner occupied.

Source U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census Summary File 2

HOUSING OPPORTUNITIES: Gross Rent as A Share of Household Income by Race/Ethnicity
Metro Area
Hispanic 25.0%
Non-Hispanic White 23.9%
Non-Hispanic Black 26.3%
Non-Hispanic Asian 18.1%

Definition Median gross rent as a share of household income.

Notes Excludes those paying no cash rent. Value of "50" refers to "50% or more."

Source U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 4.

HOUSING OPPORTUNITIES: Number of Housing Units
2000 2004
Metro Area 234,681 245,940

Definition Housing Units

Notes In New England, geography refers to the NECMA (New England County Metropolitan Area) which differs from the MSA or PMSA geography used in other indicators.

Source Population Estimates Program, U.S. Bureau of the Census

HOUSING OPPORTUNITIES: Average household size by Race/Ethnicity
Metro Area
Non-Hispanic White 2.5
Hispanic 3.6
Non-Hispanic Black 2.7
Non-Hispanic Asian 2.8

Definition The average number of people per household.

Source U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 2.

HOUSING OPPORTUNITIES: Overcrowding Rate by Race/Ethnicity and Tenure
Owner Renter
Hispanic 10.8% 25.9%
Non-Hispanic White 0.7% 2.6%
Non-Hispanic Black 2.2% 7.2%
Non-Hispanic Asian 4.3% 25.9%

Definition Share of occupied housing units with more than 1 person per room

Source U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 4.

ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES: Median Household Income: 1999 by Race/Ethnicity
Metro Area
Hispanic $37,061
Non-Hispanic Asian $70,713
Non-Hispanic Black $38,064
Non-Hispanic White $56,111

Definition Household income is the sum of wage or salary income; net self-employment income; interest, dividends, or net rental or royalty income or income from estates and trusts; social security or railroad retirement income; Supplemental Security Income; public assistance or welfare payments; retirement, survivor, or disability pensions; and all other income for people age 15 and over in a household. This includes income from the householder and all other people age 15 or older in the household regardless of whether they are related to the householder.

Notes Refers to income received over the calendar year 1999.

Source 2000 Census Summary File 3

ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES: Poverty Rate: 1999 by Race/Ethnicity
Metro Area
Asian 7.5%
Black 17.2%
Hispanic 22.2%
Non-Hispanic White 5.3%

Definition Proportion of population with income below the poverty level, among the population for whom poverty status is determined

Source 2000 Census Summary File 3

ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES: Child Poverty Rate by Race/Ethnicity
Metro Area
Hispanic 27.6%
Non-Hispanic White 5.1%
Non-Hispanic Black 22.5%
Non-Hispanic Asian 5.6%

Definition Share of Children Under Age 18 Who Are in Poverty

Source U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 4.

EDUCATION: Composition of Public School Enrollment by Race/Ethnicity
Metro Area
American Indian/Alaskan Native 0.2%
Asian/Pacific Islander 2.9%
Non-Hispanic Black 29.8%
Non-Hispanic White 59.2%
Hispanic 7.9%

Definition This indicator provides the racial/ethnic composition of public school enrollment.

Notes Includes charter schools. Excludes all metro areas totally or partially in Tennessee because racial data was unavailable. In New England, geography refers to the NECMA (New England County Metropolitan Area) which differs from the MSA or PMSA geography used in other indicators.

Source National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data. Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey.

EDUCATION: Poverty Rate of School Where Average Primary School Student Attends by Race/Ethnicity
Metro Area
American Indian/Alaskan Native 34.6%
Asian/Pacific Islander 27.0%
Hispanic 43.9%
Non-Hispanic Black 42.2%
Non-Hispanic White 26.3%

Definition This indicator provides the poverty rate in the primary school attended by the average student of the specified race/ethnicity.

Notes Primary schools defined as those with lowest grade of "Pre-K" through 3 and highest grade of "Pre-K" through 8. Includes charter schools. Excludes all metro areas totally or partially in Tennessee because racial data was unavailable. Poverty rate defined as the share of children eligible for free or reduced lunch. Excludes metro areas in which less than 70 percent of schools report valid data on free and reduced lunch eligibility. In New England, geography refers to the NECMA (New England County Metropolitan Area) which differs from the MSA or PMSA geography used in other indicators.

Source National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data. Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey.