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Washington, DC--MD--VA--WV: Summary Profile

POPULATION DEMOGRAPHICS AND DIVERSITY: Total Population
2000 1990 1980
Metro Area 4,923,153 4,223,484 3,377,495

Definition The total population of the metro area.

Source "Racial and Ethnic Residential Segregation in the United States: 1980-2000," U.S. Census Bureau, Series CENSR-3.

POPULATION DEMOGRAPHICS AND DIVERSITY: Total Population by Race/Ethnicity
2000 1990 1980
Non-Hispanic White 2,762,241 2,722,495 2,293,301
Hispanic 432,003 228,199 95,903
Non-Hispanic Black 1,312,419 1,057,330 878,452
Asian/Pacific Islander 378,538 204,476 83,486

Definition The total population of the metro area.

Notes Non-Hispanic black and Asian/Pacific Islander groups include people who identified themselves as those races "alone" or those races "in combination with other races."

Source "Racial and Ethnic Residential Segregation in the United States: 1980-2000," U.S. Census Bureau, Series CENSR-3, and 2000 Census, Summary File 1.

POPULATION DEMOGRAPHICS AND DIVERSITY: Percent Change in Population by Race/Ethnicity
1990-2000 1980-1990
Hispanic 89.3% 137.9%
Non-Hispanic Black 24.1% 20.4%
Asian/Pacific Islander 85.1% 144.9%
Non-Hispanic White 1.5% 18.7%

Definition The percent change in the population.

Notes In 2000, non-Hispanic black and Asian/Pacific Islander groups include people who identified themselves as those races "alone" or those races "in combination with other races."

Source "Racial and Ethnic Residential Segregation in the United States: 1980-2000," U.S. Census Bureau, Series CENSR-3.

POPULATION DEMOGRAPHICS AND DIVERSITY: Population Composition by Race/Ethnicity
2000 1990 1980
Non-Hispanic White 56.1% 64.5% 67.8%
Hispanic 8.8% 5.4% 2.8%
Non-Hispanic Black 26.7% 25.0% 26.0%
Asian/Pacific Islander 7.7% 4.8% 2.5%

Definition Each racial/ethnic group's share of the total U.S. population.

Notes In 2000, non-Hispanic black and Asian/Pacific Islander groups include people who identified themselves as those races "alone" or those races "in combination with other races."

Source "Racial and Ethnic Residential Segregation in the United States: 1980-2000," U.S. Census Bureau, Series CENSR-3, and 2000 Census, Summary File 1.

POPULATION DEMOGRAPHICS AND DIVERSITY: Share of Population Under 18 by Race/Ethnicity
Metro Area
Hispanic 30.3%
Non-Hispanic White 23.6%
Non-Hispanic Black 29.3%
Non-Hispanic Asian 24.5%

Definition The Share of the Population that is Under Age 18

Source U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 2.

POPULATION DEMOGRAPHICS AND DIVERSITY: Share of Population Age 65 or Older by Race/Ethnicity
Metro Area
Hispanic 3.1%
Non-Hispanic White 10.6%
Non-Hispanic Black 7.4%
Non-Hispanic Asian 6.2%

Definition The Share of the Population that is Age 65 or Older

Source U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 2.

POPULATION DEMOGRAPHICS AND DIVERSITY: Household Composition by Race/Ethnicity and Family Type
One person household Married couple with own children Married couple with no own children Single parent with own children
Hispanic 13.4% 38.3% 16.9% 12.6%
Non-Hispanic White 27.5% 25.0% 29.7% 5.0%
Non-Hispanic Black 28.6% 17.2% 16.5% 18.0%
Non-Hispanic Asian 17.5% 36.6% 27.5% 4.5%

Definition The share of households with household head of the specified race that are made up of households with the specified composition.

Notes "Children" defined as those under age 18.

Source U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 2.

POPULATION DEMOGRAPHICS AND DIVERSITY: Proportion of the population that is foreign born: 2000 by Race/Ethnicity
Metro Area
Asian 75.9%
Black 9.6%
Hispanic 61.7%
Non-Hispanic White 5.8%
White 9.3%

Definition Proportion of the population that is foreign born

Source U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 3.

POPULATION DEMOGRAPHICS AND DIVERSITY: Non-English Language Spoken at Home by Race/Ethnicity
Metro Area
Hispanic 86.3%
Non-Hispanic White 8.0%
Non-Hispanic Black 9.6%
Non-Hispanic Asian 83.8%

Definition The share of the population age 5+ that speaks a language other than English at home.

Source U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 4.

RESIDENTIAL INTEGRATION AND NEIGHBORHOOD CHARACTERISTICS: Segregation of the Population: Dissimilarity with Non-Hispanic Whites by Race/Ethnicity
Metro Area
Hispanic 48.0%
Non-Hispanic Black 62.7%
Asian/Pacific Islander 38.2%

Definition Dissimilarity is the evenness with which one racial population group is located (or segregated) within a metro area, with respect to another racial group. The dissimilarity statistic is interpreted as the proportion of one racial group that would need to relocate to another neighborhood (census tract) for that racial group to be distributed across the metro area like a second (reference) racial group. A value of "0%" reflects absolute integration; a value of "100%" reflects absolute segregation.

Notes Non-Hispanic black and Asian/Pacific Islander groups include people who identified themselves as those races "alone" or those races "in combination with other races."

Source "Racial and Ethnic Residential Segregation in the United States: 1980-2000," U.S. Census Bureau, Series CENSR-3, and 2000 Census, Summary File 1.

RESIDENTIAL INTEGRATION AND NEIGHBORHOOD CHARACTERISTICS: Exposure to Neighborhood Poverty by Race/Ethnicity
Metro Area
Hispanic 9.2%
Non-Hispanic White 5.5%
Non-Hispanic Black 12.1%
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander 6.3%

Definition This indicator provides the poverty rate for the average neighborhood in which each racial group lives. For instance, if the value is 10% for blacks, this statistic is interpreted as "The average black person in this metro area lives in a neighborhood where 10% of the population is in poverty."

Notes Poverty rates defined as of 1999. Excludes metro areas with less than 5,000 population of the specified racial/ethnic group.

Source U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 3 accessed through the Neighborhood Change Database. U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 1.

RESIDENTIAL INTEGRATION AND NEIGHBORHOOD CHARACTERISTICS: Exposure to Neighborhood Homeownership Rate by Race/Ethnicity
Metro Area
Hispanic 55.0%
Non-Hispanic White 72.6%
Non-Hispanic Black 56.4%
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander 65.6%

Definition This indicator provides the homeownership rate in the average neighborhood in which each racial group lives. For instance, if the value is 60% for blacks, this statistic is interpreted as "The average black person in this metro area lives in a neighborhood where the homeownership rate is 60%."

Notes Excludes metro areas with less than 5,000 population of the specified racial/ethnic group.

Source U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 3 accessed through the Neighborhood Change Database. U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 1.

RESIDENTIAL INTEGRATION AND NEIGHBORHOOD CHARACTERISTICS: Childrens' Exposure to Neighborhood Homeownership Rate by Race/Ethnicity
Metro Area
Hispanic 56.8%
Non-Hispanic White 77.5%
Non-Hispanic Black 56.5%
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander 68.9%

Definition This indicator provides the homeownership rate in the neighborhood where the average child of different racial/ethnic groups lives. For instance, if the value is 60% for Hispanic children, this statistic is interpreted as "The average Hispanic child in this metro area lives in a neighborhood where the homeownership rate is 60%."

Notes Children are those under 18. Excludes metro areas with less than 5,000 children of the specified racial/ethnic group.

Source U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 3 accessed through the Neighborhood Change Database. U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 1.

RESIDENTIAL INTEGRATION AND NEIGHBORHOOD CHARACTERISTICS: Childrens' Exposure to Neighborhood Poverty by Race/Ethnicity
Metro Area
Hispanic 8.9%
Non-Hispanic White 4.5%
Non-Hispanic Black 12.4%
Non-Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander 5.6%

Definition This indicator provides the poverty rate in the neighborhood where the average child of different racial/ethnic groups lives. For instance, if the value is 10% for Hispanic children, this statistic is interpreted as "The average Hispanic child in this metro area lives in a neighborhood where the poverty rate is 10%."

Notes Poverty rates defined as of 1999. Children are defined as under 18. Excludes metro areas with less than 5,000 child population of the specified racial/ethnic group.

Source U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 3 accessed through the Neighborhood Change Database. U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 1.

CRIME: Murder Rate
2004
Metro Area 7.8

Definition Number of Murders Per 100,000 People

Notes In New England, geography refers to the NECMA (New England County Metropolitan Area) which differs from the MSA or PMSA geography used in other indicators.

Source FBI Uniform Crime Reporting Program as reported in HUD''s State of the Cities Data Systems

PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT: Spatial area in square miles
1999
Metro Area 6,061.6

Definition The size of the metro area in square miles.

Source Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Health Care Safety Net Initiative, Electronic Data Sets and Documentation. September 2003.

PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT: Annual Cost of Traffic Congestion Per Peak Traveler
2003 2000 1990
Metro Area $1,169 $987 $517

Definition Dollar value of travel delay and extra fuel consumed in traffic congestion annually per peak traveler.

Notes Includes only "urban area" of metro area, defined as those areas with population density over 1,000 people per square mile.

Source Texas Transportation Institute, "2005 Annual Mobility Study"

HEALTH: Births to teenage mothers by Race/Ethnicity
Metro Area
Non-Hispanic White 4.2%
Non-Hispanic Black 11.8%
Non-Hispanic Asian 1.5%
Hispanic 10.5%

Definition The share of all births that are to teenage mothers.

Notes Excludes metro areas with less than 100 births to mothers in the specified subgroup over the 2001-2002 time period. Excludes plural births and births which occurred abroad, in Puerto Rico, or in U.S. Territories. Metro area refers to the location of residence of the mother at the time of the birth. In New England, geography refers to the NECMA (New England County Metropolitan Area) which differs from the MSA or PMSA geography used in other indicators.

Source National Center for Health Statistics' Vital Statistics Natality Birth Data

HEALTH: Preterm births by Race/Ethnicity
Metro Area
Non-Hispanic White 7.7%
Non-Hispanic Black 14.3%
Non-Hispanic Asian 8.3%
Hispanic 10.4%

Definition The share of births that were preterm.

Notes "Preterm" defined as having a gestational age less than 37 weeks. Excludes metro areas with less than 100 births to mothers in the specified subgroup over the 2001-2002 time period. Excludes plural births and births which occurred abroad, in Puerto Rico, or in U.S. Territories. Metro area refers to the location of residence of the mother at the time of the birth. In New England, geography refers to the NECMA (New England County Metropolitan Area) which differs from the MSA or PMSA geography used in other indicators.

Source National Center for Health Statistics' Vital Statistics Natality Birth Data

HEALTH: Low birth weight births by Race/Ethnicity
Metro Area
Non-Hispanic White 4.1%
Non-Hispanic Black 10.6%
Non-Hispanic Asian 5.8%
Hispanic 5.2%

Definition The share of births that are or low birth weight.

Notes "Low birth weight" defined as weighing less than 2.5kg. Excludes metro areas with less than 100 births to mothers in the specified subgroup over the 2001-2002 time period. Excludes plural births and births which occurred abroad, in Puerto Rico, or in U.S. Territories. Metro area refers to the location of residence of the mother at the time of the birth. In New England, geography refers to the NECMA (New England County Metropolitan Area) which differs from the MSA or PMSA geography used in other indicators.

Source National Center for Health Statistics' Vital Statistics Natality Birth Data

HOUSING OPPORTUNITIES: Home ownership rate: 2000 by Race/Ethnicity
Metro Area
Hispanic 44.0%
Non-Hispanic White 73.0%
Non-Hispanic Black 49.5%
Non-Hispanic Asian 58.2%

Definition The share of occupied housing units that are owner occupied.

Source U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census Summary File 2

HOUSING OPPORTUNITIES: Gross Rent as A Share of Household Income by Race/Ethnicity
Metro Area
Hispanic 24.3%
Non-Hispanic White 23.2%
Non-Hispanic Black 25.4%
Non-Hispanic Asian 24.7%

Definition Median gross rent as a share of household income.

Notes Excludes those paying no cash rent. Value of "50" refers to "50% or more."

Source U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 4.

HOUSING OPPORTUNITIES: Number of Housing Units
2000 2004
Metro Area 1,951,603 2,094,115

Definition Housing Units

Notes In New England, geography refers to the NECMA (New England County Metropolitan Area) which differs from the MSA or PMSA geography used in other indicators.

Source Population Estimates Program, U.S. Bureau of the Census

HOUSING OPPORTUNITIES: Average household size by Race/Ethnicity
Metro Area
Non-Hispanic White 2.4
Hispanic 3.8
Non-Hispanic Black 2.6
Non-Hispanic Asian 3.1

Definition The average number of people per household.

Source U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 2.

HOUSING OPPORTUNITIES: Overcrowding Rate by Race/Ethnicity and Tenure
Owner Renter
Hispanic 18.3% 41.5%
Non-Hispanic White 0.6% 2.9%
Non-Hispanic Black 3.2% 12.6%
Non-Hispanic Asian 10.1% 25.2%

Definition Share of occupied housing units with more than 1 person per room

Source U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 4.

ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES: Median Household Income: 1999 by Race/Ethnicity
Metro Area
Hispanic $49,582
Non-Hispanic Asian $62,851
Non-Hispanic Black $45,599
Non-Hispanic White $72,089

Definition Household income is the sum of wage or salary income; net self-employment income; interest, dividends, or net rental or royalty income or income from estates and trusts; social security or railroad retirement income; Supplemental Security Income; public assistance or welfare payments; retirement, survivor, or disability pensions; and all other income for people age 15 and over in a household. This includes income from the householder and all other people age 15 or older in the household regardless of whether they are related to the householder.

Notes Refers to income received over the calendar year 1999.

Source 2000 Census Summary File 3

ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES: Poverty Rate: 1999 by Race/Ethnicity
Metro Area
Asian 7.9%
Black 13.2%
Hispanic 12.5%
Non-Hispanic White 3.8%

Definition Proportion of population with income below the poverty level, among the population for whom poverty status is determined

Source 2000 Census Summary File 3

ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES: Child Poverty Rate by Race/Ethnicity
Metro Area
Hispanic 13.4%
Non-Hispanic White 3.6%
Non-Hispanic Black 17.8%
Non-Hispanic Asian 7.7%

Definition Share of Children Under Age 18 Who Are in Poverty

Source U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Summary File 4.

EDUCATION: Composition of Public School Enrollment by Race/Ethnicity
Metro Area
American Indian/Alaskan Native 0.4%
Asian/Pacific Islander 8.0%
Non-Hispanic Black 33.6%
Non-Hispanic White 45.3%
Hispanic 12.7%

Definition This indicator provides the racial/ethnic composition of public school enrollment.

Notes Includes charter schools. Excludes all metro areas totally or partially in Tennessee because racial data was unavailable. In New England, geography refers to the NECMA (New England County Metropolitan Area) which differs from the MSA or PMSA geography used in other indicators.

Source National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data. Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey.

EDUCATION: Poverty Rate of School Where Average Primary School Student Attends by Race/Ethnicity
Metro Area
American Indian/Alaskan Native 30.5%
Asian/Pacific Islander 25.6%
Hispanic 45.9%
Non-Hispanic Black 49.0%
Non-Hispanic White 18.4%

Definition This indicator provides the poverty rate in the primary school attended by the average student of the specified race/ethnicity.

Notes Primary schools defined as those with lowest grade of "Pre-K" through 3 and highest grade of "Pre-K" through 8. Includes charter schools. Excludes all metro areas totally or partially in Tennessee because racial data was unavailable. Poverty rate defined as the share of children eligible for free or reduced lunch. Excludes metro areas in which less than 70 percent of schools report valid data on free and reduced lunch eligibility. In New England, geography refers to the NECMA (New England County Metropolitan Area) which differs from the MSA or PMSA geography used in other indicators.

Source National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data. Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey.